When rain water does not get picked up by natural formations, it usually makes its way to drainage systems which eventually end up dumping out in rivers or lakes – when dealing with stormwater management, it can be very tricky depending on your geographic location especially when protecting watersheds. When you have areas with condensed amounts of asphalt and other impenetrable surfaces, water begins to build up and when it eventually reaches drainage basins, it can have a drastic negative effect. This is due to the fact that water traveling over ground area absorbs pollutants and other chemicals that can damage the basin’s water supply as well as the ecosystem that survives within. Protecting these ecosystems are one of the main reasons it is important to practice proper stormwater management in any town or city. Improper technique can result in the erosion of riverbanks, blockages in the sewer systems and damage to commercial and residential property.
When you see your local town road crews putting huge piping systems in the ground, they are generally working to manage the flow of the water that is running off the roads. These systems transport that excess to the nearest lake or drainage basin and while they are effective, they are incredibly expensive for local governments to put in and maintain. One of the reasons maintenance is so hard with this method is that when something does go wrong, it’s very hard to tell where the problem originated in the first place. This requires a lot of guess work which costs the town in labor and equipment usage.
However, there are simple measures that residents of each township can take to ensure that they are doing their part to manage the negatives of stormwater. One of the simplest fixes is to shrink the square footage of the lawn near your house or putting in rain gardens on your property. Sometimes, these two fixes may require a landscape architect to properly plan.
LID runoff control is a relatively new player on the scene of stormwater management and this technology’s goal is to use stormwater in an effective way rather than simply dumping it down drainage systems. It also helps limit the amount of pollution to local water supply areas. One of the reasons LID is billed as a cheaper alternative to the normal drainage systems has to do with the fact that there is less material involved – less piping, less digging, less heavy machinery. On an ecological side, this technology can reduce thermal pollution, increase savings of energy and limit the amount of flooding that usually damages the lower levels of many properties. One of the ways that this can be accomplished is by thinking about this type of management in advance when creating new structures on any property and honing in on eliminating the runoff eater instead of simply trying to deal with the excess that comes from poor planning in the first place.
One of the things you have to be aware of before preparing and planning a stormwater management solution is to check with regulations as determined by the EPA. There are quite a few federal and state regulations in place so make sure you cover your bases before starting in on any type of project like this.